Transmitted Diseases (STDS) Among Adolescents In Second Cycle
Institutions In Accra, Ghana: Trends In Sexual Behaviors
Stephen T. Odonkor1*,
Justice Nonvignon2, Joseph Adu3
and Tahiru Mahami
and Medical Sciences Research Institute (RAMSRI), Ghana Atomic Energy
Commission, (GAEC) Accra, Ghana
of Public Health, University of Ghana, Legon-Accra, Ghana
School of Medical Sciences, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast,
Blood Transfusion Service, Korle-Bu, Accra.
and Nuclear Agriculture Research Institute, Ghana Atomic Energy
Commission (GAEC) Accra, Ghana
Dr. Pawar D.D.
youth form the vast majority of sexually active individuals. Many of
these young people are at risk with the consequences of unexpected
pregnancies and sexually transmitted infections (STI). The objective
of this study was to assess the sexual behaviors of adolescents.
Questionnaires were used to obtain data from 250 adolescents between
the ages of 15-25 years in a second cycle institution in Accra. As
much as 92.1% of the respondents� have had sex education before. About
49.2% have had sex between the ages of 13 and 18. Also 38.1% were led
into having sex because they fell in love. 42.1% of respondents had
more than one sexual partner. 35.7% of those who had sex said they
used condom to protect themselves, 15.9% used vaginal foaming tablet
and 41.3% used condom sometimes during sex. Fifty nine respondents
who have had sex education had sex between ages of thirteen and
eighteen and only one had sex below 12 years.
Forty five percent
of respondents who have had sex education protected themselves with
condoms when having sex. 78.6% of respondents were aware they can get
a sexually transmitted disease from having sex unprotected sex and
77.8% knew that sexually transmitted diseases can lead to infertility.
In conclusion, sex
education does not really have an effect on adolescent sexual
behaviours. Knowledge on of sexually transmitted diseases did not
reflect on how and when adolescents get involved in sex.